شمس مصر
منتدى شمس مصر يرحب بيك وبيهنيك لاختيارك شمس مصر اذا لم تكن عضو لدينا فسارع بالتسجيل وان كنت عضو معنا تفضل بالدخول

الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل

الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:07:53

اليوم سوف اقوم بشرح جميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه اسال من الله ان يوفقني
و ان تعود بالنفع علي كل اعضاء منتدانا الغالي شمس مصر

سوف يتتضمن الموضع الازمنه بالترتيب التالي

Simple Present

Present Continuous

Simple Past

Past Continuous

Present Perfect

Present Perf. Cont.

Past Perfect

Past Perfect Cont.

Simple Future

Future Continuous

Future Perfect

Future Perfect Cont.

Used to

Would Always

Future in Past
.................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .



Simple Present

يتكون زمن المضارع البسيط من الفعل في المصدر مع اضافه s للفعل عندما يكون الفاعل مفرد غائب ( he , she ,it)

FORM Simple Present

EXAMPLE: to run
I run
you run
he runs
she runs
it runs
we run
they run


استخداماته
USE 1 Repeated Actions
الافعال المتكرره

يسنخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن فعل يتكررعاده. الفعل ممكن ان يكون عاده او هوايه او فعل يتكرر كل يوم او فعل مؤكد حدوثه او شىء غالبا ما يحدث .
ممكن ان يعبر ايضا عن شىء غالبا ما ينساه الفرد او لا يفعله


Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does
.not do

:EXAMPLES
لاحظ اضافه s عندما يكون الفاعل مفرد غائب


.I play tennis

.She does not play tennis

.The train leaves every morning at 8 am

.The train does not leave at 9am

.She always forgets her purse

.He never forgets his wallet

.Every twelve months, the Earth circles the sun

.The sun does not circle the Earth


USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
حقائق او التعميمات


يستخدم المضارع البسيط اذا كان المتحدث يعتقد الامر صحيح من قبل و صحيح الان و سوف يكون صحيح في المستقبل. ولا يهم اذا كان كلام المتحدث سليما ام لا .
يستخدم ايضالاصدار التعميمات عن الناس أوالأشياء .
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people
.or things



:EXAMPLES




.Cats like milk

.Birds do not like milk

.The sun rises from the east

.California is in America

.California isnot in the United Kingdom

.******s are made of glass

.******s are not made of wood

.New York is a small city
(.It is not important that this fact is untrue)


(USE 3 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs

قد يستخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن حدث ممكن ان يحدث او لا يحدث الان.
وهذه الحاله تكون مصحوبه ب Non-continuous ,Mixed Verbs

Sometimes speakers use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.


:EXAMPLES



.I am here now

.She is not here now

.He needs help right now

.He does not need help now

.He has a car


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Simple Present
:EXAMPLES



Once a week, Tom cleans the car. ACTIVE

Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. PASSIVE



شمس مصر





عدل سابقا من قبل شمس مصر في الخميس 12 نوفمبر - 4:57:55 عدل 1 مرات
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

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عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:10:32

Present Continuous



FORM Present Continuous
يتكون زمن المضارع المستمرمن فعل يكون TO BE ثم الفعل مضافا اليه ING


[AM / IS / ARE] + [VERB+ing]

EXAMPLES:

.I am watching TV

He is quickly learning the language.


ملاحظه:عند استخدام باكثر من جزء ياتي الظرف بين الجزء الاول و الثاني
NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Present Continuous (is learning), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part (is quickly learning).



استخداماته


USE 1 Now

يستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن فعل يحدث الان او لا يحدث الان

Use the Present Continuous with Continuous Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.



EXAMPLES:



.You are learning English now

.You are not swimming now

.I am sitting

.I am not standing

.They are reading their books

.They are not watching television

؟What are you doing

؟Why aren't you doing your homework



USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now

في اللغه الانجليزيه كلمه الان ممكن ان تعني هذه اللحظه او اليوم او هذا الشهر اوهذا العام او هذا القرن و هكذا. احيانا نستخدم المضارع المستمر لنقول اننا عمل ما و العمل يسير قدما . من الممكن اننا لا نقوم بالفعل لحظه الكلام

In English, now can mean "this second," "today," "this month," "this year," "this century" and so on. Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.

EXAMPLES: (All of these
(.sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant


.I am studying to become a doctor

.I am not studying to become a dentist

.I am reading the book Tom Sawyer

.I am not reading any books right now

؟Are you working on any special projects at work

؟Aren't you teaching at the University now





USE 3 Near Future



يستخدم المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن شىء سوف يحدث او لا يحدث في المستقبل القريب

Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future


EXAMPLES

I am meeting some friends after work

I am not going to the party tonight

Is he visiting his parents next weekend

Isn't he coming with us tonight


"USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always

قد يأتي المضارع المستمر مصحوبا بكلمه مثل always او constantly بمعني دائما ليعبر عن صدمه او مفاجأه غالبا ما تحدث و هو يؤدي معني قريب في هذه الحاله من المضارع البسيط لكن للتعبير عن المشاعر السلبيه. تذكر يجب و ضع كلمه always بين verb to BE و verb+ing



The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."




:EXAMPLES




She is always coming to class late

He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up

I don't like them because they are always complaining



ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Continuous


:EXAMPLES

Right now, Tom is writing the letter. ACTIVE

Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. PASSIVE
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

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عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:11:57

Simple Past



FORM Simple Past



يتكون زمن الماضي البسيط من الفعل مضاف له ed
( verb+ed)


:EXAMPLES

I visited my friends

I often visited my friends



استخداماته



USE 1 Completed Action in the Past


يستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط للتعبير عن حدث بدأ و انتهي في وقت محدد بالماضي.


Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind


:EXAMPLES

I saw a movie yesterday

I didn't see a movie yesterday

Last year, I traveled to Japan

Last year, I didn't travel to Japan

She washed her car

She didn't wash her car


USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions

نستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط لسرد مجموعه من الاحداث انتهت في الماضي

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions
.....in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th


EXAMPLES



I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim

He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00




USE 3 Single Duration



يمكن ان يستخدم الماضي البسيط لمده زمنيه بدأت و انتهت في الماضي. المده الزمنيه الطويله غالبا ما تكون مصحوبه ببعض التعبيرات مثل for two years او
for five minutes او all day
او all year

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a long action often used with expressions like "for two years," "for five minutes," "all day" or "all year."



:EXAMPLES




I lived in Brazil for two years

Shauna studied Japanese for five years

They sat at the beach all day

We talked on the phone for thirty minutes

؟How long did you wait for them
We waited for one hour


USE 4 Habit in the Past


للتعبير عن عاده في الماضي


يمكن ان يستخدم الماضي البسيط ايضا للتعبير عن عاده توقفت في الماضي.

The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past.


EXAMPLES

I studied French when I was a child

He played the violin

She worked at the movie theater after school

They never went to school, they always skipped


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Simple Past



:EXAMPLES



Tom repaired the car. ACTIVE

The car was repaired by Tom. PASSIVE
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

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عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:13:46

Past Continuous

يتكون زمن الماضي المستمر من WAS / WERE ثم الفعل مضافا اليه ing
[WAS / WERE] + [VERB+ing]


:EXAMPLES



I was studying when she called

I was carefully picking up the snake when it bit me

NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Past Continuous (was picking), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part (was carefully picking)
الاستخدامات


USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past



يستخدم الماضي المستمر ببيان فعل تمت مقاطعته في الماضي. و المقاطعه غالبا ما تكون ماضي بسيط
Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually an action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time


EXAMPLES



I was watching TV when she called

When the phone rang, she was writing a letter

While we were having a picnic, it started to rain

Sally was working when Joe had the car accident

While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.




USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption

تحديد وقت معين كمقاطعه لفعل حدث في الماضي

In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by an action in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption


EXAMPLES




Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner.

At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.


IMPORTANT



Last night at 6 p.m., I ate dinner.
بدأت الاكل السادسه

Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner.
عندما حانت الساعه السادسه كنت آكل بالفعل


USE 3 Parallel Actions



نستخدم الماضي المستمر عند وصف اكثر من فعل و هذه الافعال حدثت في نفس الوقت.
When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.


:EXAMPLES



I was studying while he was making dinner

While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television

They were eating dinner, discussing their plans and having a good time


USE 4 Atmosphere
يستخدم المضارع المستمر لوصف المناخ العام لمجموعه من الاحداث فب الماضي
In English we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere in the past


:EXAMPLE



When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other about the bad
.service


"USE 5 Repetition and Irritation with "Always


يستخدم ايضا لوصف التكرار و الاثاره لاحداث غالبا ما كانت تحدث في الماضي


:EXAMPLES



She was always coming to class late

He was constantly talking. He annoyed everyone

I didn't like them because they were always complaining


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Past Continuous
:EXAMPLES




The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. ACTIVE

The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. PASSIVE
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

ذكر
عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

http://sunmasr.gid3an.com

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:14:51

Present Perfect

يتككون زمن المضارع التام من HAS / HAVE ثم التصريف الثالث للفعل
[HAS / HAVE] + [past participle]



:EXAMPLES

I have seen that movie many times

I have never seen that movie


الاستخدامات



USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now




يعبر زمن المضارع التام لوصف فعل بدأ في الماضي في وقت غير محدد. و الوقت المحدد غير مهم و لا يمكن استخدام تعبيرات زمنيه مثل yesterday اوone year ago او when I was a chlid الخ.


We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with time expressions such as "yesterday," "one year ago," "last week," "when I was a chlid," "when I lived in Japan," "at that moment," "that day" or "one day." We CAN use the Present Perfect with expressions like "ever," "never," "once," "many times," "several times," "before," "so far," "already" and "yet."




:EXAMPLES



I have seen that movie twenty times

I think I have met him once before

There have been many earthquakes in California

؟Has there ever been a war in the United States
Yes, there has been a war in the United States

People have traveled to the moon


(USE 2 Duration From Past Until Now (Non-continuous Verbs




للتعبير عن شيء ما بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي الان
With Non-continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Present Perfect to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks" and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect.


:EXAMPLES



I have had a cold for two weeks

She has been in England for six months

Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Perfect



:EXAMPLES



Many tourists have visited that castle. ACTIVE

That castle has been visited by many tourists. PASSIVE
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

ذكر
عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

http://sunmasr.gid3an.com

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:15:58

Present Perfect Continuous



يتكون زمن الضارع التام المستمر من
[HAS / HAVE] + [BEEN] + [VERB+ing]


:EXAMPLES



I have been waiting here for two hours

She has only been studying English for two years


استخداماته



USE 1 Duration from the Past Until Now


يستخدم زمن المضارع التام المستمر للتعبير عن حدث بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي الان

We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes", "for two weeks", and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect
Continuous


EXAMPLES

They have been talking for the last hour

She has been working at that company for three years

James has been teaching at the University since June




USE 2 Recently, Lately


يستخدم زمن الضارع التام المستمر بدونفتره زمنيه الاعطاء معني اشمل و اعم.
و نستخدم عامه في هذه الحاله تعبيرات مثل lately( مؤخرا)

You can use the Present Perfect Continuous WITHOUT a duration such as "for five minutes", "for two weeks", and "since Tuesday". Without the durations, the this tense gives a more general meaning of "lately". We often use the words "lately" or "recently" in the sentence to strengthen this meaning


:EXAMPLES




Recently, I have been feeling really tired

She has been watching too much television lately

Mary has been feeling a little depressed

ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Perfect Continuous

:EXAMPLES

Recently, John has been doing the work. ACTIVE

Recently, the work has been being done by John. PASSIVE


ملحوظه: زمن المضارع التام المستمر نادرا ما ياتي بصيغه الغير مباشر

NOTE: Present Perfect Continuous is rarely used in its passive form
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

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عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:17:42


Past Perfect


يتكون زمن الماضي التام من [HAD] + [PAST PARTICIPLE]
................................. التصريف الثالث للفعل


:Examples




I had studied a little English when I came to the U.S

They had never met an American until they met John



استخداماته



USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in Past



يستخدم زمن الماضي التام للتعبير عن حدث انتهي في الماضي قبل حدث آخر. ممكن ان يعبر ايضا عن شيء حدث قبل وقت محدد في الماضي
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.


EXAMPLES



I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai

؟Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 1992

Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before in 1988




(USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Past (Non-continuous Verbs




يستخدم للتعبير عن شيء بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي ان حدث شيء آخر
With Non-progressive Verbs and some non-progressive uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past




EXAMPLES



We had had that car for ten years before it broke down

By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years



IMPORTANT Specific Times with the Past Perfect
عند استخدام فتره زمنيه محدده مع الماضي التام


عكس المضارع التام تماما ، فإنه يمكن استخدام كلمات محددة او عبارات مع الماضي التام. وإن كان ذلك ممكنا ، فإنه عادة ما لا يكون ضروريا
Unlike the Present Perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the Past Perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary

She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996



ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Past Perfect



George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanics license. ACTIVE

Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanics license. PASSIVE
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شمس مصر
المدير العام

ذكر
عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
الموقع http://sunmasr.gid3an.com/

http://sunmasr.gid3an.com

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:18:46


Past Perfect Continuous


يتكون زمن الماضي التام المستمر من [HAD BEEN] + [VERB+ing]


EXAMPLES




I had been waiting there for two hours before she finally arrived

She had only been studying English for two years before she
got the job



استخداماته



USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Past


يستخدم زمن الماضي التام المستمر لوصف فتره زمنيه بدأت في الماضي واستمرت حتى وقت آخر في الماضي.



We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. "For five minutes" and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the Past Perfect Continuous. Notice that this is related to the Present Perfect Continuous; however, the duration does not continue until now


EXAMPLES




They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived

She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business

James had been teaching at the University for more than a year before he left for Asia



USE 2 Cause of Something in the Past



استعمال الماضي التام المستمر قبل عمل آخرفي الماضي هو طريقة جيدة لاظهار السبب والنتيجة
Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect



EXAMPLES



Jason was tired because he had been jogging

Sam gained weight because he had been overeating

ملحوظه مهمه
اذا لم تشتمل الجمله علي فتره زمنيه "for five minutes," او"for two weeks" او"since Friday" الكثير من متحدثي الانجليزيه يستخدمون الماضي المستمر لكن هناك اختلاف في المعني يظهر عند مقارنه الامثله التاليه



IMPORTANT

If you do not include a duration such as "for five minutes," "for two weeks" or "since Friday", many English speakers choose to use the Past Continuous. There is also a difference in meaning. Compare the examples below


I was reading when my roommate returned
Emphasizes the interruption of "reading
يؤكد توقف "القراءة".



I had been reading for an hour when my roommate returned
Emphasizes the amount of time "for an hour
يؤكد مقدار الوقت "ساعة".


ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Past Perfect Continuous



EXAMPLES




Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years, before he moved to Paris. ACTIVE

The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris. PASSIVE


ملحوظه
استخدام صيغه الغير مباشر غير شائعه مع زمن الماضي التام المستمر


NOTE: Passive forms of the Past Perfect Continuous are not common
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رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:20:03

Simple Future




زمن المستقبل التام له شكلين مختلفين "will" و "be going to." علي الرغم من ان هذين الشكلين
يمكن استخدامهم بشكل متبادل الا انهم غالبا ما يعبرا علي معني مختلف.
The Simple Future has two different forms in English, "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings

FORM Will


[WILL] + [VERB]

I will help him later

I will never help him


FORM Be Going To



[AM / IS / ARE] + [GOING TO] + [VERB]

He is going to meet Jane tonight

He is definitely going to meet Jane tonight



استخداماته


USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action


للتعبير عن العمل التطوعي


Examples



A: I'm really hungry
B: I will make some sandwiches

A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep
B: I will get you some coffee

A: The phone is ringing
B: I will get it


USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise


استخدام Will للتعبير عن وعد


Examples



I will call you when I arrive

If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance

I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party


USE 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan


استخدام Be going to للتعبير عن عمل مخطط له


Examples



He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii

We are going to meet each other tonight at 6:00 PM

A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake
B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake


USE 4 "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction

استخدام Will و Be Going to للتعبير عن التنبؤ او تخمين شيء في المشتقبل


Examples



The year 2222 will be a very interesting year
The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year

John Smith will be the next President
John Smith is going to be the next President

The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards
The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards


ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Simple Future


EXAMPLES




John will certainly finish the work by 5:00 PM. ACTIVE
The work will certainly be finished by 5:00 PM. PASSIVE

Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. ACTIVE
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. PASSIVE
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عدد المساهمات : 506
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رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:22:26

Future Continuous


FORM Future Continuous


يتكون زمن الستقبل المستمر من [WILL BE] + [VERB+ing] او
.. [AM / IS / ARE] + [GOING TO] + [VERBing]


EXAMPLE



When your plane arrives tonight, I will be waiting for you

When your plane arrives tonight, I am going to be waiting for you
يمكن استخدام كل من will و going to للتعبير عن الستقبل المستمر بدون فرق كبير في المعني


استخداماته



USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future


يستخدم زمن المستقبل المستمر في و صف حدث تمت مقاطعته بحدث آخر


EXAMPLES



I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight

I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives

I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything happens and you need to contact me

He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she arrives

هامه
في زمن المستقبل المستمر يستخدم زمن محدد لاظهار الوقت الذي سوف يبدأ فيه الحدث



IMPORTANT

In the Simple Future a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin. In the Future Continuous, a specific time only interrupts the action


EXAMPLES



Tonight at 6 p.m., I am going to eat dinner
I am going to start eating at 6 p.m


Tonight at 6 p.m., I am going to be eating dinner
I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 p.m




USE 2 Parallel Actions

يستخدم زمن المستقبل المستمر في و صف فعلين في جمله واحده سوف يقع حدوثهم في وقت واحد
When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. These are Parallel Actions


EXAMPLES



I am going to be studying while he is making dinner

While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watching television

Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time



USE 3 Atmosphere

وصف حاله الجو العام
في اللغه الانجليزيه نستخدم مجموعه من الافعال المتلاحقه لوصف المناخ العام


In English we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere in the future
EXAMPLES


When I arrive at the party everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people will be eating pizza and several people are going to be drinking beer. They always do the same thing


ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Future Continuous



At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dog. ACTIVE

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dog will be being washed by John. PASSIVE


NOTE: Passive forms of the Future Continuous are not common
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مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:23:29

Future Perfect



FORM Future Perfect

يتكون زمن المستقبل التام من
[WILL HAVE] + [PAST PARTICIPLE]
............التصريف الثالث للفعل

[AM / IS / ARE] + [GOING TO HAVE] + [PAST PARTICIPLE]



I will have perfected my English by the time I come back from the U.S


I am going to have perfected my English by the time I come back from the US

هامه
من الممكن استخدام "will" او "going to" في زمن الستقبل التام بدون اختلاف في المعني او مع فرق بسيط


NOTE: It is possible to use either "will" or "going to" to create the Future Perfect with little or no difference in meaning


استخداماته



USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in the Future
فعل سوف يكتمل حدوثه قبل شئ اخر في المستقبل


EXAMPLES



I will have received my promotion By next November

By the time he gets home, she is going to have cleaned the entire house


USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Future
(Non-continuous Verbs)

وصف فتره زمنيه قبل حدوث شيء ما في المستقبل
EXAMPLES


I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave

By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week


ACTIVE / PASSIVE

The Post Office will have returned my package before I can pick it up. ACTIVE

My package will have been returned by the Post Office before I can pick it up. PASSIVE
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رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:24:09

Future Perfect Continuous


FORM Future Perfect Continuous


يتكون من [WILL HAVE BEEN] + [VERB+ing] او

[AM / IS / ARE] + [GOING TO HAVE BEEN] + [VERB+ing]



EXAMPLE



I will have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives
I am going to have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives


استخداماته



USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Future
فتره زمنيه قبل شئ ما في المستقبل


نستخدم المستقبل التام المستمر للتعبير عن امر سيستمر حتى حدث معين أو وقت محدد في المستقبل. "خمس دقائق" و "لمدة اسبوعين" و "منذ الجمعة" كل الفترات التي يمكن استخدامها في المستقبل التام المستمر.
We use the Future Perfect Continuous to show that something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future. "For five minutes," "for two weeks" and "since Friday" are all durations which can be used with the Future Perfect Continuous. Notice that this is related to the Present Perfect
Continuous and the Past Perfect Continuous, however the
duration stops in the future


EXAMPLES



They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Tony arrives

She is going to have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes

James will have been teaching at the University for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia




USE 2 Cause of Something in the Future


وصف حاله معينه في المستقبل


استخدام المستقبل التام المستمر قبل عمل آخر في المستقبل هو وسيلة جيدة لاظهار العله والمعلول
Using the Future Perfect Continuous before another action in the future is a good way to show cause and effect


EXAMPLES



Jason will be tired when he gets home because he will have been jogging for over an hour

Claudia's English will be perfect when she returns to Germany because she is going to have been studying English in the United States for over two years



ACTIVE / PASSIVE Future Perfect Continuous



The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished. ACTIVE

The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished. PASSIVE
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المدير العام

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عدد المساهمات : 506
تاريخ الميلاد : 12/08/1982
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/10/2009
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رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:25:09

Used to


FORM Used to

ياتي بعد USED TO الفعل في المصدر
[USED TO] + [verb]


I used to go to the beach everyday


استخدامات used to
USE 1 Habit in the Past

يستخدم للتعبير عن عاده قديمه توقفت في الماضي تعبر عن شئ كان غالبا ما يتكرر في الماضي لكن لا
يحدث عاده الان

"Used to" expresses the idea that something was an old habit that stopped in the past. It says that something was often repeated in the past, but it is not usually done now



EXAMPLES



Jerry used to study English

Sam and Mary used to go to Mexico in the summer

I used to start work at 9 o'clock

Christine used to eat meat, but now she is a vegetarian


USE 2 Past Fact


تستخدم used to للتحدث عن الحقائق في الماضي او تعميم الوقائع التي ثبت خطؤها
"Used to" can also be used to talk about past facts or generalizations which are no longer true


EXAMPLES


I used to live in Paris

Sarah used to be fat, but now she is thin

George used to be the best student in class, but now Leena is the best

Oranges used to cost very little in Florida, but now they are quite expensive


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Used to



Jerry used to pay the bills. ACTIVE

The bills used to be paid by Jerry. PASSIVE
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عدد المساهمات : 506
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رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع قواعد اللغه الانجليزيه

مُساهمة من طرف شمس مصر في الثلاثاء 10 نوفمبر - 9:25:53


Would Always

تاتي Would Always بمعني دائما وياتي بعدها الفعل في المصدر
[WOULD ALWAYS] + [verb]


I would always take my surf board to the beach with me


استخدامات Would Always


USE 1 Habit in the Past
للتعبير عن عاده في الماضي

مثل "Used to" و زمن الماضي البسيط تستخدم "Would Always" للتعبير عن عاده قديمه توقفت في الماضي و توضح انها تكررت في الماضي لكنها لا تحدث الان


Like "Used to" and Simple Past, "Would Always" expresses the idea that something was an old habit which stopped in the past. It says that something was often repeated in the past, but it is not usually done now



EXAMPLES


She would always send me strange birthday gifts

Sam and Mary would always choose the most exotic vacation destinations

Sally would always arrive early

Christine would always come late to the meetings



IMPORTANT "Would Always" is Different

would always لا تستخدم بالتحديد مثل "Used to" او الماضي البسيط بشكل عام
لكن تستخدم فقط للتعبير عن الافعال المتكرره
EXAMPLES


Sarah was shy, but now she is very outgoing. CORRECT

Sarah used to be shy, but now she is very outgoing. CORRECT

Sarah would always be shy, but now she is very outgoing. NOT CORRECT


ACTIVE / PASSIVE Would Always


EXAMPLES



Jerry would always pay the bills. ACTIVE

The bills would always be paid by Jerry. PASSIVE
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